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WHAT IS TISSUE CULTURE

Tissue culture is the in-vitro aseptic culture of cells, tissues, organs or whole plant under controlled nutritional and environmental conditions conducive for their growth and multiplication.

Plant tissue culture technology is being widely used for large scale plant multiplication, disease elimination, plant improvement and production of secondary metabolites.

TISSUE CULTURE IN AGRICULTURE

STAGE

1

PRODUCTION & PROPAGATION

Large scale propagation of plants

Virus/ disease-free plant cultures

Preservation of rare & endangered species

Embryo rescue

2

STAGE

BREEDING

Somaclonal variation

Haploid & polyploid breeding

Crosses via protoplast fusion

In-vitro hybridization

Faster multiplication of new plantlets

Requires small amount of initial plant tissue

New plantlets and plants are disease and virus-free

Year-round propagation, no seasonality

Development of new subspecies and varieties

WHY TISSUE CULTURE

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